Practice Theory And Load Planning

By studying sports studies, I have learned the basics of the influence practice has on people.

The idea is simple: During practice, the body gets tired and the athlete’s abilities diminish. A person gets tired.

The human body functions in such a way that it adapts to a load by increasing the abilities necessary to handle this load. If it rests for a while, this ability increases.  

And if it is no longer under a load, this ability is balanced out. 

From this simple mechanism of the human body there have been various ways of burdening it and resting, various diets and food additives, and even doping, etc.

My goal is for the players to be as well-rested as possible during a game, and to tire them out between games.

However, I have one goal in mind when tiring them out between games: in the moments when we are practicing tactics, they have to be mentally and emotionally fresh and capable of receiving the information I give them. 

It isn’t possible to fulfil both goals in a satisfactory way for 16 to 18 different people, especially not week in and week out throughout the whole season. 

But it is important to fulfil them as best we can, i.e. to the best possible level that we can considering our working conditions. 

Apart from the knowledge acquired during my studies and my experience, the most important tool I use in determining a player’s condition is the XPS Sideline. 

How does a strenuous training session in the gym affect Kruno?

How does he feel after an intense handball practice,

and how does he feel after a less intense, but more informative tactical practice?

How long does it take for him to recover after a victory, and how long after a defeat?

Although there are basic principles with which we can calculate how long it takes to adapt to certain physical loads, we cannot calculate a third dimension by using an algorithm.

For this, we need feedback from Kruno.

In order to gather that information, I use this function in the xps.

Every morning it takes less than a minute for each player to send me the information which is then automatically processed in the xps, while I keep track of individual and group dynamics.

I have created the questionnaire specifically to be simple to use and to cover the objective parameters (pulse, muscle condition), the subjective condition of the body (how exhausted/fresh they feel), as well as Kruno’s emotional state (mood, sleep quality).

Experience has shown me

that group dynamics are usually predictable

and match what is written in books.

On a group level, I can track overall load and how the team is being trained by comparing daily dynamics monitored by xps.

Xps is very important in situations where there are no objective reasons for a drop in performance of the entire group, but the results from the app show that some reasons exist.

At this point I try to change the practice rhythm by adding unusual or fun activities, additional rest, etc.

Why is the whole team feeling good, and Kruno is feeling bad?

Why do most players feel tired after an intense training session, and Kruno feels fresh?

I don’t know and I can’t research it.

But if XPS monitoring is showing it,

then I respect the fact that Kruno is an exception

and I train him with this in mind.

Individual deviations from the norm can be surprising, especially on an emotional level.

I use Kruno’s data from the XPS in my relationship with him. This relationship has two components: the informative and the emotional.

If I have noticed that he feels bad after a training session with too much tactical data,

I won’t give him a lot of data a day before the game.

If I notice that he is feeling well after an intense training session,

I will add a few weight exercises a day before the game, even if it wasn’t planned for the whole team.

Neither of the two refer directly to the team because the team has a logical rhythm of preparations for a game.